• Winter Driving Tips

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    Winter Driving Tips


    Compliments of Cape Cod Healthcare

    Winter may bring a beautiful, glistening white blanket of fresh snow ready for snowmen and sledding. The season for snow and ice can also be the season for traffic accidents, but you do not have to be a victim of winter storms. You can reduce your risk of an accident by preparing your vehicle, learning how to react if you are driving in slippery conditions, and knowing what to do if you are stranded or lost on the road. Here are some tips that can help.

    Have a mechanic check the following items in your car:

    • Battery
    • Antifreeze
    • Wipers and windshield washer fluid
    • Ignition system
    • Thermostat
    • Lights
    • Flashing hazard lights
    • Exhaust system
    • Heater
    • Brakes
    • Defroster
    • Oil level (if necessary, replace existing oil with a winter grade oil or the SAE 10w/30 weight variety)

    Install Good Winter Tires

    Make sure the tires have adequate tread. All-weather radials are usually adequate for most winter conditions. However, some areas require that vehicles be equipped with chains or snow tires with studs.

    Prepare a Winter Car Kit to Keep in Your Car


    • Windshield scraper and small broom for ice and snow removal
    • Small sack of sand for generating traction under wheels
    • Set of tire chains or traction mats
    • Booster/jumper cables
    • Flares
    • Small shovel
    • Flashlights with extra batteries
    • Small tools (pliers, wrench, screwdriver)
    • Brightly colored cloth to use as a flag

    Must-haves for Passengers

    • A cell phone to call for help. Be sure to have a cell phone charger in the car.
    • Extra set of mittens, socks, and a wool cap
    • Several blankets
    • Sleeping bags
    • First aid kit with pocket knife
    • Bottled water
    • Necessary medications
    • Canned fruit and nuts (Choose ones with pull tabs or screw on caps.)
    • Non-electric can opener
    • Matches and a lighter
    • Extra newspapers for insulation
    • Plastic bags (for sanitation)
    • Cards, games, and puzzles

    Other Helpful Hints    


    • Maintain at least a half tank of gas during the winter season.
    • Give yourself plenty of time to get where you are going.
    • Plan long trips carefully. Listen to the radio or call the state highway patrol for the latest road conditions. Always travel during daylight and, if possible, take at least one other person.
    • Let others know where you are going and what route you plan on taking.
    • Stay on main roads. Avoid back roads and shortcuts.
    • Dress warmly and wear layers of loose-fitting, layered, lightweight clothing.
    • If you must go out during a winter storm, use public transportation.

    Current driving conditions can often be found on many individual state’s department of transportation website. You can also call 5-1-1 for updated national traffic information.


    Snow, Sleet, and Freezing Rain

    Heavy snow, sleet, and freezing rain reduce visibility. Slow down and use your headlights. When roads are icy or slushy, allow plenty of room to slow down and stop—at least three times the normal distance to reach a full stop and avoid skidding. In icy conditions, it can take ten times longer to stop than on a dry road. Avoid harsh braking and acceleration. To brake on ice or snow without locking your wheels, switch into low gear early and allow your vehicle to slow down before gently braking. If your vehicle starts to skid, ease off the accelerator, but do not brake suddenly.


    Fog drifts rapidly and is often patchy. Drive slowly and use your low beams. If visibility is really poor, use fog lights. You may have better visibility following the taillights of a vehicle in front of you, but do not drive too close. Crack the window so you can hear traffic around you. You can also use the line on the edge of the right lane to help guide you.

    If you find yourself stuck in snow or ice, do not continue to spin your wheels. Instead, pour sand, salt, or gravel around the drive wheels. Also, shovel snow away from the wheels and out from under the car to clear a pathway.

    Surviving a blizzard


    Stay in the Car

    Rescuers are more likely to find you in your car. Do not leave your car unless you can see a building to take shelter in. Blowing snow can distort distance, so be sure to know how far away the building really is. A close building may be difficult to get to in deep snow.

    Display a Trouble Sign

    Pull off the highway and turn on hazard lights. Hang a brightly colored cloth on the radio antenna and raise the hood. If you are in a remote place, spell out HELP or SOS in an open area using rocks, tree branches, or other nearby objects. This can help rescue teams locate you.

    Occasionally Run Engine to Keep Warm     

    Turn on the car’s engine for about 10 minutes each hour. Run the heater when the car is running. Also, turn on the car’s dome light when the car is running. Beware of carbon monoxide poisoning. Keep the exhaust pipe clear of snow, and open a downwind window slightly for ventilation.

    Watch for Signs of Frostbite and Hypothermia    

    Do simple exercises to keep up circulation. Clap hands and move arms and legs occasionally. Try not to stay in one position for too long. If more than one person is in the car, take turns sleeping.

    For warmth, huddle together. Use newspapers, maps, and even the removable car mats for added insulation. Take turns sleeping. One person should always be awake to keep a lookout for rescue crews.

    Avoid Overexertion   

    Cold weather puts an added strain on the heart. Unaccustomed exercise, such as shoveling snow or pushing a car, can bring on a heart attack or make other medical conditions worse. Be aware of symptoms of dehydration.

    Compliments of Cape Cod Healthcare

    Copyright EBSCO Information Services

    lEBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.

    This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.


    January 09, 2015